The Passover Introduced

calendar_today October 2, 2022
menu_book Exodus 12:1-13
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Sermon 25 in Series

Exodus 12:1-13
[1] The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, [2] “This month shall be for you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year for you. [3] Tell all the congregation of Israel that on the tenth day of this month every man shall take a lamb according to their fathers’ houses, a lamb for a household. [4] And if the household is too small for a lamb, then he and his nearest neighbor shall take according to the number of persons; according to what each can eat you shall make your count for the lamb. [5] Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats, [6] and you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this month, when the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill their lambs at twilight.

[7] “Then they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and the lintel of the houses in which they eat it. [8] They shall eat the flesh that night, roasted on the fire; with unleavened bread and bitter herbs they shall eat it. [9] Do not eat any of it raw or boiled in water, but roasted, its head with its legs and its inner parts. [10] And you shall let none of it remain until the morning; anything that remains until the morning you shall burn. [11] In this manner you shall eat it: with your belt fastened, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. And you shall eat it in haste. It is the LORD’s Passover. [12] For I will pass through the land of Egypt that night, and I will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the LORD. [13] The blood shall be a sign for you, on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you, when I strike the land of Egypt.

DEEP SHEET: Sermon Study Questions
1.   How does the story of Exodus highlight God’s faithfulness? How does it bring us back to Genesis?
2.   What criteria does God give for selecting Passover lambs? How do New Testament authors describe Jesus as the Lamb?
3.   How much thought have you given to the sinlessness of Christ? How does meditating on this truth raise our affections for him?
4.   Why was such care to be taken in preparing the Passover meal? Why were the Israelites to eat it fully dressed with staff in hand?
5.   How does God execute judgment on the gods of Egypt through the tenth plague? Why is it a climactic blow?
6.   How does the Passover event with the blood on the doorposts and lintel portray the heart of the gospel? How does it motivate worship and faith?

References: Genesis 12:2; John 1:29; Revelation 5:12; 1 Corinthians 5:7; 1 Peter 1:18-19; Hebrews 9:14; 1 Peter 3:18; Hebrews 11:1; John 6:35; Ephesians 1:7; Isaiah 53:6-7.

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